URGENT APPEAL April 20, 2015 (PHILIPPINES) Harassment and Frustrated Killing of Indigenous People Leader
ISSUES: Right to Means of Subsistence, Right to Land ______________________________________________________________________________
The Medical Action Group (MAG) is forwarding to you an appeal regarding the harassment and frustrated killing of indigenous people, Manobo leader in Don Carlos, Bukidnon.
Title: Ampode Harassment and Frustrated Extrajudicial Killing Case: Harassment and Frustrated Extra Judicial Killing Name of victim: Nestorio Sulatan Ampode, 36 years old Date of incident: October 2, 2014; 8:00 A.M. Place of incident: Purok 9, Prakatahan, Brgy, Pualas, Don Carlos, Bukidnon Perpetrators: Security Guards of Levelit Balarote Zambrano headed by Marcial Balarote (non-state actor) Motive: Violation of right to life and right to land _______________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬¬¬_______
MANILA, Philippines–The 5,000-year-old relationship of humans and weed, transitioning from medicinal to spiritual to recreational use, may now be coming full circle.
In the United States, medicinal cannabis is already legal in 23 states and the District of Columbia. In the Philippines, a group of cannabis advocates known as the Philippine Compassion for Cannabis Society (PCCS), composed of patients and parents of children who are in need of medical marijuana, is currently pushing for its legalization and regulation in the country.
House Bill No. 4477, or the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Bill authored by Isabela Rep. Rodolfo Albano III, has been facing fierce opposition from a number of medical-doctor groups since last year. Meantime, members of the PCCS have been busy gathering signatures in support of the bill (there’s a Change.org petition, as well).
What exactly is medical cannabis? And why are parents—despite the risks and odds—pushing for its legalization?
Medical cannabis is oil extracted from the marijuana plant that is mixed with carrier oil. Of the more than 80 cannabinoids found in the plant, only two are closely studied: cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD is nonpsychoactive; THC is the one that gives the “high.” Both CBD and THC are said to offer a wide range of treatments, although medicinal formulation contains more CBD than THC (usually 25:1). They’re often referred to as CBD oil.
Former Health Secretary Dr. Jaime Z. Galvez Tan, one of the bill’s most vocal supporters, said that CBD oils have been studied abroad and shown to be brain- and nerve-protective. That makes them highly efficient in pain management, including intractable pain and pain caused by cancer. It is also equally effective in treating some neurological conditions, such as epilepsy.
“They are not cures—there’s not enough study on that yet—but they are protective. All my patients need medical cannabis, but it is not accessible. If the law will, for example, allow CBD oil even only for cancer patients, that would be magnificent,” said Galvez Tan, whose 40-year study and research in medicinal plants culminated in a book launch of “The Best of 100 Philippine Medicinal Plants” last year, co-authored with Dr. Isidro Sia.
Galvez Tan believes that the road to recovery begins with alleviating a patient’s pain. There is spontaneous healing, he said, when quality of life is improved. And this can be achieved by administering CBD oil for certain medical conditions. Unfortunately, the Philippines lacks support—from the people and from government—for the bill to ever take off.
“I’d like medical cannabis to be approved… We have morphine that is more potent, and much more easily abused, that has been here for the last 40 years, and yet no one is abusing it,” he said.
In the US, studies are already underway to check for medical cannabis’ efficiency in treating PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), multiple sclerosis, chemotherapy side effects, brain injuries, glaucoma, rheumatoid arthritis, sleep disorders, eating disorders, Tourette’s syndrome, Huntington’s disease, dementia and AIDS wasting syndrome (weight loss). Preliminary work also indicates that it may slow a tumor’s growth.
A major turnaround for its acceptance in the US was when CNN’s chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta apologized, in 2013, for his earlier dismissal of medical cannabis. Gupta, who was President Obama’s first choice to become surgeon general when he took office in 2009, had a change of heart when he saw firsthand how CBD oil succeeded in treating children with epilepsy.
Gupta wrote on CNN’s website that he has “come to the realization that it is irresponsible not to provide the best care we can as a medical community, care that could involve marijuana.”
And this is exactly how Galvez Tan feels: “You have to introduce it in an acceptable form (such as the CBD oil), work on it, and allow it to flourish.”
A local oilmaker, Juan Pedro (not his real name), who supplies CBD oil to people with various diseases (mostly different types of cancer) in Manila, said that prohibition would only lead to more ignorance. Pedro stumbled onto producing CBD oil three years ago, when a friend asked if he could help out a cancer patient.
Pedro read up on medical cannabis, concocted a brew mixed with carrier oil, and sent a small bottle to his friend. What followed next were orders for more, this time from friends of the cancer patient who was, apparently, responding well to the CBD oil.
Today, Pedro’s CBD oil is usually mixed with virgin coconut oil. For special requests, his CBD oil is mixed with truffle oil, olive oil, argan oil and crocodile oil. A kilo of marijuana will yield 80 ml of oil, he said. The leaves are soaked in a liquid solvent (alcohol), strained, then slow-cooked to boil until the solvent evaporates.
A 120-ml bottle contains the carrier oil of choice mixed with 2 percent CBD oil solution. Pedro offers three forms of CBD oil: oral, topical and inhalation (with vaporizer). He said his CBD oil profile is 40:1, producing less of the trippy effects of THC compared to most products available in the market today. The dosage of CBD oil will depend on a patient’s tolerance for THC.
The plant itself is harmless, Pedro said. It begins to develop its recreational compound only after a harvest. When the leaves dry up and are exposed to heat and zero humidity, a chemical process will occur that turns the THC into a psychoactive compound.
“That’s why we can develop a nonpsychoactive CBD oil. We can do this the right way—legalize it, regulate it, and study it. We can build new communities, new industries, and a new economy. Here is something that is sustainable. Every four or five months you’ll have a yield,” Pedro said.
CBD oil is one of the safest anti-inflammatory medicines, he continued, pointing out that it has a therapeutic index of 40,000:1 (therapeutic effect to the amount that causes toxicity).
“It starves the cancer, but not all cancers. I don’t want to call it a cure. But this could be an effective treatment… I’ve seen it stop a brain tumor, in a medication supervised by medical doctors,” Pedro said. “Finally, a medicine that has been illegal has the potential to do good to the body.” He is now on a mission to educate Filipinos on the benefits of CBD oil, saying that he has finally found his calling in life.
Galvez Tan said Pedro is taking huge risks by serving his clients; he is constantly on high alert in case his next client call will turn out to be an entrapment.
“We need to keep an open mind in order to move forward,” Galvez Tan said. “As doctors, we are always skeptical with new, untested things, but that does not mean we should dismiss as ineffective, something we haven’t even read up on yet.”
For more info, check out PCCS on Facebook. You can also read its petition on Change.org.
The IRCT welcomes a landmark resolution passed by the United Nations General Assembly, calling on states to take immediate steps to ensure the protection of health workers across the world.
The first of its kind to recognise the severity of attacks on health professionals, facilities, and patients in all circumstances, the resolution comes at a time when a growing number of doctors, nurses, community health workers and other health providers are exposed to threats, violence and attacks.
Just last week, the office of IRCT member centre in Russia, Committee against Torture (NGO CAT) was destroyed in what appears to be an arson attack. The fire was the latest of a number of vicious attacks against NGO CAT and its leader Igor Kalyapin who had been exposed to several threats and acts of intimidation. Recently, other IRCT members in countries such as Morocco, Mexico and Bolivia have also experienced unprovoked attacks and death threats.
After four years the Philippine healthcare system under the Aquino administration remains bleak if not getting worse. Health care inequalities, failed public health financing, the continuous exodus of health care professionals, weak health care response to disaster and the lack of immediate health care provisions to victims of human rights violations characterized the ill-state of the Philippine Public Health System.
Inequities in Health Services
While the Philippine government claimed to gain a steady economic growth since President Aquino assumed office in 2010, there is a minimal improvement in poverty incidence as inequities in the access of health care services remain. 2012 Study of the Universal Health Care Study Group shows that 60% of Filipinos who die, die without being attended by health professionals. Even in birth mortality, among the rich, only 10 infants out of 1,000 live births die but among the poor, it is more than 90 infants.
Human rights groups urge the government to lead the way in the protection of human rights defenders in the ASEAN region
The Medical Action Group (MAG) and Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) urge the government to lead the way in the protection and defense of human rights defenders in the ASEAN region through enactment of a law on the protection of human rights defenders and conduct a comprehensive legislative audit in order to review and repeal laws which criminalize their work.
In a statement, “the Philippines should ensure that the leadership it shows in terms of promotion of human rights in the ASEAN is reflected in our national laws,” MAG and TFDP said.
Based on documentation of the MAG and TFDP, it is increasingly well documented that the use of laws to impede the activities of human rights defenders and to criminalize them is alarming.
“We have faced significant challenges on the field that in many cases, complaints by human rights defenders about alleged violations of their rights are not investigated or are dismissed without justification. For instance, the case of Antonio L. Tolentino, human rights defender and barangay chairperson of Barangay Hacienda Dolores in Porac, Pampanga, he is in detention since April this year due to lack of competent investigation into the charges filed by the private security agency employed by ,” Edeliza P. Hernandez, MAG Executive Director said.